Action for the
Rights of the Child (ARCH)
A campaigning organisation for children's rights which
has sympathies with the home education movement but is not itself a
home education organisation. More
A process of learning which when employed by home educators
goes much further than schools using the same term. In short by autonomous
education home educators mean that the child leads the education and
the parents become the child's facilitator. The child chooses the subject,
method and context of any learning that is undertaken. It is believed
by those who espouse it that this is a far more efficient, child centred
method of education than any that coerces the child to learn by imposition.
This term refers to the ages during which the parents
of a child have a legal duty to ensure that their child receives a
suitable education More
The process by which a family will acclimatise itself
to the new way of life of home education. In particular to find a method
of education that suits them as a whole family. An appeal court case
in 1985 known as the "Perry" case established that families
should be given time to acclimatise to home education prior to "inspection" by
an LEA. The concept of Deschooling therefore has some legal meaning
in England and Wales. The term was also used in a book entitled "Deschooling
our Lives" edited by Matt Hern (forward by Ivan Illich) in 1996. More
Department for Education (DfE)
The current name of the department that is responsible
for national government policy on education. This department has undergone
a bewildering array of names since the 1980's and will no doubt continue
to change as government thinking on education continues to change.
Formerly known as the Department of Children, Families and Skills (DCFS) & Department
of Education and Skills.
"Elective Home education Legal Guidelines" The
title of guidelines on home education produced by a group of home educators
in 1998. EHELG was highly significant in building the confidence
of home educators enabling them to challenge LA interpretations of
the law. It also marked the first major project undertaken by the online
home education community and created a blue print for future cooperative
projects for a number of years following.
EHELG has now been retired from use on most public web
sites as it is somewhat out of date. Experienced home educators however
often continue to use it privately as a reference guide to legislation
and it remains an important tool in advising new home educators and
formulating responses to LA communications.
Education Otherwise (EO)
A phrase used first in the 1944 education act and later
in the 1996 education act (section 7) to describe education other than
in school. In addition to those children who are electively home educated
it includes those who are educated out of school for any reason such
as illness or disability etc. This phrase is used by the home education
support charity Education Otherwise for their name. The phrase is sometimes
also used by Local Education authorities as the title of the department
or section that deals with those families who chose to home educate.
However, since the Charity "Education Otherwise" trade marked
their name the use of this phrase by LEA's is in contravention of trade
Education Welfare Officer (Educational Social Worker, EWO)
An officer of the Local Education Authority who is often
the person who will contact home educating families to ensure that
they are fulfilling their duties in law. They may sometimes have other
names like "educational social workers". Only rarely are
they qualified teachers
Elective Home Education (EHE)
To chose to educate a child at home as opposed to school
particularly during the ages of compulsory education
An Educational Supervision Order. A process by which
a LA take on the parental power of deciding upon the educational needs
and provision for a child. These are quite rare.
Education Other Than At School, refers to a situation
where a child is registered at a school though for one reason or another,
usually illness or pregnancy, cannot attend the school and is therefore
provided with tutors by the LA for home teaching. (S9 Education act
Where a child is registered at a school but obtains
regular leave of absence to complete some of their studies at home. More
HEAS (Home Education Advisory Service)
A charitable trust that broke away from Education Otherwise
in the 1980's to form an alternative support group.
HES FES (Home Educators Seaside Festival)
The UK home educators largest camp held every year in
the south of England.More
An alternative term to home education sometimes used
to imply that while children's education is based in the home it is
generally not entirely conducted there.
Home Education (HE)
To educate a child at home as opposed to school particularly
during the age of compulsory education.
The Human rights act.
An American term used to describe home education. This
term is very unpopular in the UK as it implies that parents engage
in school at home whereas many parents educational styles differ greatly
from those employed by schools. For this reason either "elective
home education, home based education or simply home education are more
popular in the UK.
Home Visits (HV)
Referring to visits by EWO's as part of the process
of inspection. Home visits and their legal status are a regular topic
for discussion within the home education community. There is no obligation
for LAs to undertake HV's and there is no obligation for home educators
to allow them. More
Where a person is acting upon beliefs currently held
by that person. The corollary of this is extrinsic motivation where
a person acts upon beliefs that are not held by that person. A term
first used in this context by Jan fortune wood in her book "Bound
to be Free" to describe coercion and associated inefficiencies
inherent in extrinsic motivational teaching as imposed by schools.
The concept owes much to the philosophy of Carl Popper.
Local Authority (LA)
Responsible for providing institutes of learning in
their area. They are also the body that checks up on home educators
should it be thought that they are failing to provide an education
for children they are responsible.
National Curriculum (NC)
The curriculum imposed by the government upon all state
schools in the UK. Home educators do not need to follow this curriculum.
A term coined by Professor Roland Meighan a UK educationalist
to mean the process of education by conversation. A large part of education
undertaken by home educators, particularly autonomous home educators,
is conducted by conversation. In practice this can be compared to how
any engaged parent will behave towards their children but possibly
School Attendance Order, where the LA formally
orders that the child be returned to a named school. These are quite
rare and are challengeable in court. There are procedures which must
be followed in issuing such an order for it to be valid.
Standard Attainment tests (SAT's)
These are conducted by schools to determine the effectiveness
of the school. Home educators do not need to use SAT's.
Special Educational Needs (SEN)
Refers to children with any special need that effects
a child's educational abilities. Some authorities also use this designation
for gifted children.
This can have two related meanings. It can have
the technical sociological meaning relating to whether a child's
education is such that it enables the child to interact with other
people and generally fit into society. The second, more usual meaning
in the context of home education relates to issues of peer relationships. More
Sometimes used by home educators as an abbreviation
for "Social Services".
This usually refers to a statement of special educational
need. If a child has a special educational need the LEA must identify
that need and show how they propose to address it, including identifying
resources by producing a statement of the child's needs. Parents cannot
be forced to provide the provision identified by statements.
Taking Children Seriously (TCS)
A libertarian approach to parenting utilising non-coersive
parenting and autonomous educational methods. More
A form of education used by some home educating families
which uses autonomous educational methods. This methodology rejects
the concept of school as being against the interests of the child.
It was first used in the US where the term is most popular and was
coined by John Holt in his book of the same name. Many home educators
in the UK know of the term unschooling but tend not to use it.